Corneal Endothelial Evaluation – KERATOANALYSIS
‘Endothelium’ is a single layer of cells that covers the inner aspect of the cornea and is primarily responsible in maintaining transparency. Therefore, assessment of its integrity is critical in making a judgement about its utility for corneal grafting.
The structure can be studied by slit lamp examination which provides reliable information. This is performed in all eye banks by trained individuals. However, the technique of specular microscopy allows direct high magnification of the endothelial cells and consequently better judgement of its status by counting the number of cells / mm square.